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New Version

LexiQamus 2.0

LexiQamus was first published June 7, 2016. To date, we have provided word solving services while only being able to provide links to words’ definitions. Over the past three and a half years, however, we have continued our efforts by digitizing every entry, subentry, English definition, and word from other languages of James Redhouse’s 1890 A Turkish and English Lexicon. Being one of the most formidable works in the field, we are therefore pleased to be able to present the fruits of our labor to you, our valuable subscribers, colleagues, and partners.

LexiQamus is a self-funding project. This momentous development has been made possible through the support given to us by our institutional subscribers. We further owe a deep debt of gratitude all those who have helped us realize this service.

With that said, we are in need of further library subscribers so that we may continue our efforts and digitize further dictionaries.

By using this form to recommend LexiQamus to your library, you will earn 3 months’ worth of premium membership. If your library subscribes within six months, you will receive an additional 1 year of premium membership. What's more is that you may activate your subscription period at the time of your choice. This is a one-time-only offer and will not be available in the future.


What Does This New Version Include?


General Improvements

In the first version, clicking on certain words would result in the following message, “We are unable to provide a definition for this word.” In the current version, this message is no longer operative since either the definition for the word itself or that of the entry in which it is found is now provided.

Single letter searches were not prohibited. This restriction has been lifted.

We have removed all broken links.

We have put the links together and listed them, for Ottoman words having definitions in different pages.

For entries containing characters like - and &, we divided them into separate parts using these characters as a basis. This has allowed a number of previously overlooked results to be found.

We have performed deep-seated spelling reforms, particularly for the letters ك and ی, rendering it possible for multiple words to be displayed in results lists.


Keyboard Improvements

We have added five new characters to the keyboard, bringing the total number of letters on the keyboard to be 42.

Below are the newly added letters and characters:

إ : Since this letter is included in a multitude of words, we have added it to the keyboard in order to allow for more detailed search filters.

: This is actually the intermediate form of ئ. However, since this letter is at times confused with ء, we have added this particular form of ئ to the keyboard.

ە : In the previous version there was only the connector ه. In order to perform more detailed searches, the Farsi ە, which does not join with subsequent letters, has been added to the keyboard.

ۀ : Despite appearing in texts, no corresponding letter existed on the keyboard. It has since been added, allowing for more precise searches.

][ : This symbol represents a zero-width space. Though rare, this character is more common in compound words stemming from Western languages. Take, for example, the word فوت‌بول (i.e., football). Although the letter ت should normally be written conjoined to the following letter, it is written in its final form without a space demarking a new word. As such, we have added a zero-width space to the keyboard. Although this word could be found using a normal space, we would have compromised LexiQamus’ primary objective of narrowing results. By adding this character to the keyboard, we have ensured that the quality of the algorithm has been maintained and allowed for more thorough searches.

ی : We have removed the dots for the independent form of this letter.



We have made several substantial improvements to the search algorithm. In the previous version, we only provided lists of exact, one-to-one matches. In the current version, however, we have divided the search into three different types and created corresponding tabs to facilitate use.


This tab allows users to search for exact, one-to-one matches as was the case in the previous version. However, we have added a new feature. By adding ∞ to the end of the search entry, users are able to search for entries that contain the letters entered and any number of subsequent characters, whatever they may be.

The ∞ function has been further divided into two tabs, as seen in the figures above and below. The tab selected by default indicates that none of the subsequent characters should include a space and lists all possible results accordingly (see figure above).

The second tab, when selected, allows users to search for entries that include spaces among the subsequent characters (see figure below).




Clicking on this tab displays entries composed of more than one word, one of which matches the search criteria entered.

We have colored matching words so as to make them more easily noticed.



Clicking on the third tab allows users to view entries partially composed of the search criteria entered while restricting those entries that are exact, one-to-one matches or that constitute a complete word of a multi-worded phrase from being displayed. Here, we have sought to provide researchers with all possible results for words whose preceding or subsequent characters may be illegible or otherwise overlooked.




Since we have included words’ definitions after integrating the Lexicon into our website, three buttons have been added subsequent to each result: Definition, Parent Entry, and Mentioned in.

The backgrounds of active buttons are black and those of inactive buttons are grey.


Clicking on this button shows users the word’s definition found in the Lexicon.


Links to words within the definition

If a word included in the definition exists as an exact, one-to-one entry in the dictionary, we have made it into a link that users may follow to view the related entry for the word.


Parent Entry

If a search result is a sub-entry, we have included a button that allows users to view the main entry to which it belongs.


Mentioned in

This button allows users to view all the other places in the dictionary in which the result appears.

We have separated one-to-one and partial matches from each other.

View Original

We have added the View Original button in the event that researchers might need to access the original text in which the entry appears.

Clicking on this button displays an image of the column in which the entry is found.
















If the user wants to see the original page without any modification, we have included the button View Original Page that is linked to the original page.